Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with tumours. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist.When cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, chemotherapy supplements the benefits provided by
surgery and radiotherapy. In advanced stages it improves quality of life and prolongs survival. In some cancers, chemotherapy plays a curative role.
A surgical oncologist specializes in the removal of the tumor and surrounding tissue during an operation. A surgical oncologist also performs biopsies (the removal of a small amount of tissue for examination under a microscope).
Oncologist is responsible for the care of a patient from the moment of a cancer diagnosis throughout the course of the disease. The oncologist's role includes the following:
Explaining the cancer diagnosis and stage (a description of where the cancer is located, if or where it has spread, and whether it is affecting other parts of the body) to the patient
Discussing all of the treatment options and recommending the best course of treatment
Delivering high-quality, compassionate care
Helping maintain the patient's quality of life by managing cancer-related pain and other symptoms or treatment side effects, such as constipation, nausea and vomiting, and fatigue.
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