Nephrology is the subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with kidney diseases.
What Nephrologists do?
Nephrologists diagnose and treat kidney diseases, including both the conditions these diseases can produce -- such as hypertension -- as well as diseases that can cause kidney failure -- such as diabetes mellitus and polycystic kidney disease.
When you need a Nephrologist?
Primary care physicians, surgeons or obstetricians-gynecologists usually refer patients to nephrologists in cases of protein or blood found in the urine, severe high blood pressure, kidney stones, renal insufficiency or kidney failure.
Usually nephrologists work with other physicians, advising them about a specific diagnosis or treatment plan. In other cases they manage other skilled professionals including nurses, physical and occupational therapists, psychologists and social workers.